Hyperopia, also known as farsightedness, is a common refractive error. A normally shaped cornea has a smooth curvature. An eye with hyperopia is shorter than a typical cornea and isn't curved enough. This causes the closeup vision to be blurry. Fortunately, this condition can be easily diagnosed treated by the optometrists at Vision Source Castle Hills.
Who Is at Risk for Hyperopia?
This refractive error is often present at birth. It also runs in families. If one of your parents has hyperopia, you have a good chance of having it as well. If both of your parents have hyperopia, your chances are incredibly high.
Symptoms of Hyperopia
Hyperopia causes several symptoms. The symptoms that you suffer from would depend on the severity of your condition. They include:
- Closeup objects appearing blurry
- The need to squint or close one eye to see clearly
- Burning or aching around the eyes
- Headaches after reading, writing or working on the computer for long periods of time
How Is Hyperopia Diagnosed?
This condition can be easily diagnosed during an annual eye exam. A simple visual acuity test can determine if you are farsighted.
How Is Hyperopia Treated?
There are a few different treatment methods for hyperopia, including:
- Eyeglasses: Eyeglasses to help you read and do closeup work are the most common treatment method for farsighted people.
- Contact lenses: Contact lenses can treat hyperopia. Many people prefer contacts to glasses because they provide a more natural appearance.
- Lasik: Lasik is a laser surgical procedure that gently reshapes your cornea, correcting the refractive error. Before getting Lasik, you would need to see your eye doctor for a consultation to determine if you would be a good candidate for the procedure.
- Ortho-K: Ortho-K are special lenses that are only worn at night. While you are sleeping, the lenses gently reshape your cornea. When you wake up and remove the lenses, your vision will be clear. It is essential that you wear contacts every night. If you don't wear your contacts, after three nights, your vision will return to its original state, and you will need to wear your glasses or contacts to see correctly.
Hyperopia vs. Presbyopia
Many people confuse hyperopia and presbyopia because both conditions make it difficult to see up close. The difference between the two is that you are born with hyperopia, and presbyopia doesn't occur until after the age of 40. As you get older, the lens of your eye can start to thicken and lose its flexibility, making it difficult to see up close.
Every year, you should schedule eye care exams with Vision Source Castle Hills in northern San Antonio. Annual exams will ensure proper vision and the health of your eyes. To schedule an appointment, give us a call today at (210) 344-1400.